Jeffrey Roth, Ph.D.

Jeffrey RothDivision


Academic Title

Research Professor of Pediatrics

Contact Information

352-334-1368 (phone)
352-334-1361 (fax)


GLS Children’s Medical Services, Bldg A, Rm 3121


Family Data Center

Research Overview

My research interests and objectives are to link events in the perinatal period (including mother’s pregnancy history and infant’s delivery diagnoses) with subsequent educational performance.

The research methods utilized by our unit include multivariable analysis of medical and socio-demographic effects on school achievement, with early intervention program participation (e.g., WIC, Head Start, Part C) serving as covariates. We are currently performing analyses of very large data sets resulting from the merger of computerized individual records drawn from Florida Vital Statistics, Healthy Start Prenatal and Postnatal Risk Screening, and the Department of Education’s Data Warehouse.

Another area of my research involves evaluating the effectiveness of preschool early intervention programs. In Florida, these programs represent an annual investment of a quarter billion dollars and the state legislature is keenly interested in identifying which programs produce beneficial long-term results. We have received funding from the National Science Foundation, the U.S Department of Education, and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation  to answer the following important questions:1) How do different groups of children (cross-classified by social and biological risk) perform on standardized achievement tests, after controlling for initial medical conditions?; 2) What school policies and practices enhance or dilute the cognitive and social skills acquired through participation in prekindergarten school readiness programs?

Our unit is currently under contract with the Florida Agency for health Care Administration to analyze the impact of Medicaid participation (SOBRA and non-SOBRA, payer type, and provider type on pregnancy and birth outcomes (mortality and morbidity). Our Center is currently conducting an independent evaluation of Florida’s Medicaid Family Planning Waiver program, focusing on birth averted and cost savings. Our unit is experienced in managing large datasets for clinical and administrative applications.


Jeffrey Roth received a PhD in Social Foundations of Education from the University of Florida in 1987 and is currently Research Professor of Pediatrics in the College of Medicine, University of Florida. He is Program Director of the Family Data Center, a multidisciplinary group of faculty and staff that conduct risk assessment, outcomes research, program evaluation, fiscal impact studies, and cost-benefit analyses for local, state, and national organizations. He currently supervises statewide data collection and reporting systems for Children’s Medical Services, Florida Departments Health (Regional Perinatal Intensive Care Centers Program and Early Steps). He is principal investigator of a multi-year evaluation of Florida’s Medicaid Family Planning Waiver, funded by the Bureau of Medicaid Research and Quality, Florida Agency for Health Care Administration. He is co-principal investigator with UF economist David Figlio on a 3-year grant from the American Institutes for Research and the Gates Foundation to investigate the long-run educational and economic benefits of attending preschool.

Key Publications

Additional publications can be found in PubMed.

  1. Roth, J., Figlio, D. N., Chen, Y., Carter, R. L., Ariet, M., Resnick, M. B., & Morse, S. B.  (2004). Maternal and infant factors associated with excess kindergarten costs. Pediatrics, 114(3) 720-728. PMID: 15342845
  2. Wu, S.S., Ma, C., Carter, R. L., Ariet M., Feaver, E. A., Resnick, M. B. & Roth, J. (2004). Risk factors for infant maltreatment: A population-based study.  Child Abuse and Neglect, 28(12), 1253-1264. PMID: 15607768
  3. Cui, W., Ma, C. X, Tang, Y., Chang, V., Rao, P. V., Ariet, M., Resnick, M. B., Roth, J. (2005). Sex differences in birth defects: a study of opposite-sex twins. Birth Defects Research (Part A): Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 73(11), 876-880. PMID:16265641
  4. Tang, Y., Ma, C., Cui, W., Chang, V., Ariet, M. Morse, S. B., Resnick, M. B., Roth, J. (2006). The risk of birth defects in multiple births: a population-based study. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 10(1), 75-81. PMID:16240077
  5. Morse, S. B., Wu, S. S., Ma, C., Ariet, M., Resnick, M. B., Roth, J. (2006). Racial and gender differences in the viability of extremely low birth weight infants: A population-based study. Pediatrics. 117(1), e106-112. PMID: 16396844
  6. Gueorguieva, R., Morse, S. B., Roth, J.  (2008) Length of prenatal participation in WIC and risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant: Florida, 1996-2004. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 13(4), 479-488. PMID: 18661219
  7. Liu, X., Roth, J. (2008). Development and validation of an infant morbidity index using latent variable models. Statistics in Medicine, 27(7), 971-989. PMID: 17573677
  8. Morse, S. B., Zheng, H., Tang, Y., Roth, J. (2009). Early school age outcomes of late preterm infants. Pediatrics,123(4),e622-e629. PMID: 19336353
  9. Xu, X., Daily, A. B., People-Sheps, M., Talbot, E. O., Li, N., Roth, J. (2009). Birth weight as a risk factor for breast cancer: a meta-analysis of 18 epidemiologic studies. Journal of Women’s Health. 18(8), 1169-1178. PMID: 19630536
  10. Thompson, E. L., Thompson, L. A., Black, E. W., Esernio-Jenssen, D., Hardt, N., Das, R., Roth, J. (2012). Identifying indicators during pregnancy for child maltreatment. Maternal and Child Health Journal. December 12 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:23233243
  11. Thompson, L. A., Zhang, S., Black, E., Das, R., Ryngaert, M., Sullivan, S., Roth, J.  (2012). The association of maternal body mass index with intention to breastfeed. Maternal and Child Health Journal. December18 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:23247667
  12. Hardt, N.  S., Muhamed, S., Das, R., Estrella, R., Roth, J. (2013). Neighborhood-level hot spot maps to inform delivery of primary care and allocation of social resources. Permanente Journal. 17(1):4-9. PMID: 23596361.
  13. Hardt, N. S., Eliazar, J., Burt, M., Das, R., Winter, W. P., Saliba, H., Roth, J. (2013).Use of a prenatal risk screen to predict maternal traumatic pregnancy-associated death: program and policy implications. Womens Health
    Issues. 23(3):e187-93. PMID: 23660432
  14. Hardt, N., Wong, T D., Burt, M. J., Harrison. R., Winter, W., Roth, J. Prevalence of prescription and iIllicit drugs in pregnancy-associated non-natural deaths oFlorida mothers, 1999-2005. (2013). Journal of Forensic Sciences. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 23879385
  15. Xu, X., Hu, H., Ha. S., Roth, J. Ambient air pollution and hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. (2013). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24022815